Science is the field of answers but we get those only when we ask questions. Microbiology in particular is evolving with time and the microbiologists are helping the world with the questions it has about tiny living organisms. Before we come to Escherichia Coli, there are a few things that need our attention. So what exactly is molecular microbiology? We know that microbiology is a branch of science that deals with tiny living organisms, their nature and effect on the nature. Molecular microbiology is the field that studies about the molecular basis like metabolism, plant-bacteria interaction, gene regulation and all the microorganisms’ physiological processes.
Most important fact about Escherichia Coli is that it has been an exceptional research organism. Molecular microbiologists have studied the bacteria and its family extensively to use it in experiments in molecular microbiology. The most important finding about the bacteria has been the structure of its cell. The strains on it could be either harmful or beneficial to the humans. With as much as 100 strains on the cell, some of these can make the body feel healthy and provide vitamins K and B. However, the bacteria can even cause intestinal infections as some of the strains are toxigenic. E. Coli O1.57:H7 releases toxins that are responsible for food poisoning and could lead to kidney failure.
Researchers suggest that each strain on Escherichia Coli differs; its ability to survive in different animals and birds helps in determining its source. Its versatility and history has provided the microbiologists a lot of information. E. Coli is widely used in research and experiments because it gives better and quick results. The bacteria survives in high temperature but it could be killed at high temperatures too. Also, it can replicate itself in 20 minutes with oxygen or without it. Researchers use these bacteria to determine if the water is pure in a simple laboratory procedure while on bigger scales, it is used to produce vaccines, injections, insulin and antibiotics. These are just some of the few things that microbiologists have found out about E. Coli but there is a lot more. Just like this bacteria, we have so many other microorganisms around us that can help in making our lives better.